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Table 3 Independent association of socio-demographic, lifestyle and PSE with Hypertension in the NHANNES Data

From: Passive smoking exposure and the risk of hypertension among non-smoking adults: the 2015–2016 NHANES data

Characteristics All < 60 years ≥60 years
aOR (95%CI) P aOR (95%CI) P aOR (95%CI) P
Sex
 (Men) 1.295 (1.293, 1.296) < 0.0001 1.661 (1.658, 1.663) < 0.0001 0.765 (0.764, 0.767) < 0.0001
Age (in years) 1.080 (1.079, 1.080) < 0.0001 1.082 (1.081, 1.082) < 0.0001 1.036 (1.036, 1.036) < 0.0001
Racea
(Hispanics only) 0.522 (0.521, 0.523) < 0.0001 0.494 (0.493, 0.495) < 0.0001 0.680 (0.677, 0.682) < 0.0001
(Black only) 0.629 (0.627, 0.630) < 0.0001 0.564 (0.563, 0.566) < 0.0001 0.999 (0.994, 1.004) 0.706
(Others) 1.298 (1.295, 1.301) < 0.0001 1.320 (1.317, 1.323) < 0.0001 1.302 (1.296, 1.309) < 0.0001
Employed (Yes) 0.977 (0.976, 0.979) < 0.0001 0.906 (0.905, 0.908) < 0.0001 0.944 (0.942, 0.946) < 0.0001
Income (>$24,999) 0.758 (0.757, 0.759) < 0.0001 0.886 (0.884, 0.888) < 0.0001 0.615 (0.614, 0.617) < 0.0001
Marital Statusb
 (Married only) 1.053 (1.051, 1.055) < 0.0001 1.083 (1.081, 1.085) < 0.0001 0.811 (0.807, 0.814) < 0.0001
  (Widow/Divorced/Separated) 1.204 (1.201, 1.206) < 0.0001 1.379 (1.376, 1.383) < 0.0001 0.823 (0.819, 0.827) < 0.0001
Alcohol use (Yes) 1.163 (1.162, 1.165) < 0.0001 1.186 (1.184, 1.188) < 0.0001 1.129 (1.127, 1.131) < 0.0001
BMIc
 (Overweight) 2.219 (2.216, 2.223) < 0.0001 2.707 (2.702, 2.712) < 0.0001 1.728 (1.724, 1.732) < 0.0001
  (Obese) 3.995 (3.990, 4.001) < 0.0001 4.839 (4.830, 4.848) < 0.0001 3.137 (3.130, 3.145) < 0.0001
PSE (Yes) 1.038 (1.037, 1.040) < 0.0001 1.095 (1.094, 1.097) < 0.0001 1.110 (1.108, 1.113)* < 0.0001
  1. a - White only as a reference; b - never married as reference; c – normal weight as reference; PSE Passive smoke exposure
  2. *Attenuated by BMI