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Table 2 Comparison of clinical symptoms, laboratory findings and clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19 in two groups (hypertensive and normotensive patients)

From: Should all patients with hypertension be worried about developing severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Symptoms Normal range hypertensive (N: 176) Non-hypertensive (N:422) P value
Fever N (%)    0.042
• ≥38.5 c   78(44.3%) 125(29.6%)  
• < 38.5   98(45.7%) 300(70.4%)  
Cough N (%) 103 (58.5%) 257(60.9%) 0.38
Dysphonia N (%) 105(59.6%) 261(61.8%) 0.37
Chest pain N (%) 38(21.6%) 107(25.3%) 0.19
Dizziness N (%) 19(10.7%) 56(13.2%) 0.18
Headache N (%) 56(31.8%) 153(36.2%) 0.18
Weakness N (%) 90(51.4%) 232(55.1%) 0.24
Rhinorrhea N (%) 20(11.3%) 41(9.7%) 0.3
Myalgia N (%) 62(35.2%) 154(36.5%) 0.61
Test Sense N (%) 21(11.9%) 51(12%) 0.91
Shortness of breath N (%) 22(12.5%) 20(4.7%) 0.023
Diarrhea N (%) 34(19.3%) 84(19.9%) 0.76
Vomiting N (%) 53(30.2%) 136(32.3%) 0.23
Laboratory tests
 Leucocytes (× 109/L) 4–10 7.61 ± 7.45 6.26 ± 3.08 0.14
 Neutrophils (×109/L) 2–7 6.28 ± 0.65 5.23 ± .065 0.12
 Lymphocytes (×109/L) 0.8–4 2.09 ± 1.68 2.06 ± 1.68 0.31
 Platelets (×109/L) 125–450 164.2 ± 63.1 159.6 ± 75.2 0.12
 Hemoglobin (g/L) 115–150 15.67 ± 2.7 14.8 ± 2.8 0.068
 Hematocrit (%;) 33.35–50.8 44.15 ± 3.7 42.1 ± 4.3 0.23
 Albumin (g/L) 40–55 44.15 ± 7.8 41.5 ± 6.5 0.063
 Alt(U/L) 9–50 40.5 ± 24.6 39.6 ± 29.2 0.081
 Ast(U/L) 15–40 36.1 ± 26.2 32.2 ± 25.1 0.038
 Total bilirubin) 0–26 9.1 ± 3.1 8.6 ± 4.2 0.25
 Serum sodium (mmol/L) 137–147 135.6 ± 15.5 134.1 ± 18.1 0.71
 Serum potassium (mmol/L) 3.5–5.3 3.41 ± 2.4 3.31 ± 2.9 0.77
 Glucose (mmol/L) 70–140 5.99 ± 2.15 5.01 ± 1.96 0.62
 INR 0.85–1.15 1.41 ± 0.17 1.15 ± 0.13 0.28
 CRP (mg/L) d 0–10 41.2 ± 32.1 39.8 ± 31.2 0.11
Chest X-ray/CT findings N (%)    
• Normal   19(10.7%) 50(11.8%) 0.24
• Unilateral pneumonia   25(14.2%) 86(20.3%) 0.046
• Bilateral pneumonia   68 (38.6%) 156(36.9%) 0.12
• Multiple mottling and ground-glass opacity   64(36.5%) 159(31%) 0.071
Clinical outcome
 Increased hospital stays N (%) 41(22.9%) 46(10.9%) 0.015
 Death N (%) 16(9.1%) 25(5.9%) 0.11
 Readmission N (%) 20(11.3%) 42(9.9%) 0.28
  1. PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, ALT: Alanine aminotransferase AST: Aspartate transaminase, BS: blood sugar, INR: International normalized ratio, CRP: c-reactive protein