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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% CI for hypertension of subjects according to quartiles of baseline WHtR in the cross-sectional and cohort studies

From: Usefulness of waist-to-height ratio in screening incident hypertension among Japanese community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly individuals

  Odds ratio (95% CI)
Waist-to-height ratio
Quartile 1Quartile 2Quartile 3Quartile 4 
Men0.38–0.470.47–0.510.51–0.540.54–0.74 
Women0.36–0.490.49–0.540.54–0.580.58–0.80 
Cross-sectional studyN = 1727N = 432N = 431N = 432N = 432P-Value
Hypertension
 Incidence 202 (46.8%)254 (58.9%)312 (72.2%)351 (81.3%)< 0.001
 Non-adjusted 11.63 (1.25–2.14)2.96 (2.23–3.93)4.93 (3.63–6.71)< 0.001
 Gender and age-adjusted 11.55 (1.17–2.05)2.71 (2.02–3.63)4.13 (3.01–5.67)< 0.001
 Multivariate-adjusted 11.44 (1.07–1.94)2.35 (1.71–3.22)3.44 (2.43–4.88)< 0.001
Cohort studyN = 419N = 170N = 127N = 79N = 43P-Value
Hypertension
 Incidence 27 (15.9%)30 (23.6%)24 (30.4%)14 (32.6%)0.022
 Non-adjusted 11.64 (0.92–2.93)2.31 (1.23–4.35)2.56 (1.20–5.46)0.022
 Gender and age-adjusted 11.58 (0.88–2.83)2.13 (1.12–4.04)2.28 (1.04–5.00)0.064
 Multivariate-adjusted 11.54 (0.82–2.92)2.43 (1.18–5.03)2.52 (1.03–6.20)0.074
  1. CI confidence interval. *Multivariate-adjusted for gender, age, smoking status, drinking status, exercise habits,presence of cardiovascular disease, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, use of antidyslipidemic medication, HbA1c, use of antidiabetic medication, eGFR, and serum uric acid. Bold values indicate significance (p < 0.05)