Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of patients with and without retinopathy. Characteristics are presented as mean ± SD, median (range)

From: Relationship between retinopathy and renal abnormalities in black hypertensive patients

  Patients with retinopathy (n = 187) Patients without retinopathy (n = 46) P value
Gender (Male/Female), n(%) 80/160 (33.3/66.7)   
Age (years) 61.7 ± 10.5 47.2 ± 12.0 0.001
Duration of hypertension (years) 7 (1–37) 4.5 (1–15) 0.001
Body Mass Index (Kg/m2) 26.9 ± 6.0 26.1 ± 4.9 0.422
Systolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 139.5 ± 22.6 141.2 ± 20.8 0.657
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 85.8 ± 14.0 88.8 ± 11.8 0.183
Mean Blood Pressure(mmHg) 103.7 ± 15.4 106.2 ± 13.9 0.307
Pulse Pressure (mmHg) 53.8 ± 17.2 52.4 ± 14.2 0.307
Waist Circumference (m) 98.0 ± 14.7 95.6 ± 13.8 0.321
Hip Circumference (m) 102.3 ± 13.9 99.9 ± 14.8 0.308
Waist Hip Ratio 0.97 ± 0.11 0.96 ± 0.13 0.751
Uric Acid (mmol/L) 7.5 ± 3.4 7.5 ± 3.4 0.966
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 6.1 ± 1.4 5.4 ± 1.7 0.017
HDL-Cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.93 ± 0.21 0.91 ± 0.21 0.593
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 2.3 ± (1.0) 2.0 ± 0.8 0.130
Low Density Lipoprotein (mmol/L) 2.9 ± 1.0 2.5 ± 1.2 0.041
C-Reactive Protein (g/L) 7.9 ± 2.8 7.2 ± 3.1 0.116
Albumin-Creatinine Ratio (mg/g) 93.9(3.9–1931.3) 109.6(3.3–1580) 0.908
eGFR by MDRD (ml/min/1.73) 46.2(16.5–167.2) 55.9(22.5–165.4) 0.019