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Table 7 Laboratory examinations

From: 2013 Korean Society of Hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension: part I–epidemiology and diagnosis of hypertension

Level Tests
Routine 12-lead electrocardiogram
  Urinalysis: proteinuria, hematuria, glucosuria
  Hemoglobin, hematocrit
  K+, creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate, uric acid, fasting glucose, lipids (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride)
  Chest X-ray
  Microalbuminuria: albumin/creatinine (in random urine sample)
Recommended 75 g oral glucose tolerance test or hemoglobin A1c (when fasting glucose ≥ 100 mg/dL)
  Echocardiogram
  Carotid ultrasound: intima-media thickness, plaque
  Ankle-brachial blood pressure index
  Pulse wave velocity
  Fundoscopy (mandatory in diabetes)
  24-h urine protein excretion
  Ambulatory blood pressure/home blood pressure measurements
Extended Search for asymptomatic organ damage: brain, heart, kidney, vessels
  Search for secondary causes of hypertension