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Table 4 Association of height with uncontrolled hypertension among antihypertensive drug users, NHANES 2007–18

From: Association between height and hypertension among US adults: analyses of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–18

Variables COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Height Category (in cm)
 Q1 (135.3–159.2) 1.4** (1.1,1.8) 1.7*** (1.2,2.3)
 Q2 (159.3–166.2) 1.2 (1.0,1.5) 1.4* (1.1,1.8)
 Q3 (166.3–173.6) 1.3* (1.0,1.5) 1.3* (1.1,1.6])
 Q4 (173.7–204.5) Ref. Ref.
Age (in year)
 20–39 Ref. Ref.
 40–59 0.9 (0.7,1.2) 0.9 (0.7,1.2)
 ≥60 1.2 (0.9,1.6) 1.0 (0.7143)
Gender
 Male Ref. Ref.
 Female 1.0 (0.8,1.2) 0.7*** (0.6,0.9)
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White Ref. Ref.
 Non-Hispanic Black 1.7*** (1.4,1.9) 1.7*** (1.4,2.0)
 Mexican-American 1.3** (1.1,1.6) 1.1 (0.9,1.4)
 Other races/ethnicities 1.3* (1.0,1.5) 1.2 (0.9,1.4)
Family income
 Low Ref. Ref.
 Middle 0.9 (0.8,1.1) 1.0 (0.8,1.2)
 High 0.7*** (0.6,0.9) 0.8 (0.7,1.0)
Education level
 Below High School Ref. Ref.
 High School 0.9 (0.8,1.0) 1 (0.9,1.2)
 College Graduate or Above 0.7*** (0.5,0.8) 0.8 (0.6,1.0)
Cholesterol level (in mg/dl)
 No high cholesterol (< 200) Ref.
 Borderline elevated (200–239) 1.3 (0.9,1.7)
 High cholesterol (≥240) 0.8 (0.7,1.0)
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (in mg/dl)
 Normal Ref.
 Low 0.9 (0.7,1.0)
Chronic kidney disease
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 1.5*** (1.3,1.7) 1.3*** (1.1,1.6)
Diabetes mellitus status
 No Ref.
 Yes 1 (0.8,1.2)
Smoker
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 0.8** (0.7,0.9) 0.8** (0.6,0.9)
Leisure time physical activity (in minutes)
 No Ref.  
 Some (< 150 min) 1 (0.6,1.7)
 ≥150 min 1.1 (0.8,1.6)
Survey Period
 2007–10 Ref. Ref.
 2011–14 0.9 (0.7,1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.0)
 2015–18 1.1 (0.9,1.3) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3)
  1. Adjusted for all variables in the column, variables significant in bivariate analyses were included in multivariable model
  2. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio, NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001