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Table 2 Comparison of respondents according to uncontrolled hypertension status among those who were taking blood pressure lowering drugs, NHANES 2007–18

From: Association between height and hypertension among US adults: analyses of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–18

Variables Overall, % (n) Uncontrolled Hypertension
Yes, % (n) No, % (n) p-values
Age (in year)
 20–39 6.1 (292) 5.9 (168) 6.3 (124) 0.009
 40–59 35.1 (1762) 32.8 (1009) 38.2 (753)  
 60+ 58.8 (4100) 61.4 (2595) 55.5 (1505)  
Gender
 Male 43.0 (2768) 43.2 (1718) 42.9 (1050) 0.88
 Female 57.0 (3386) 56.8 (2054) 57.1 (1332)  
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 67.7 (2638) 64.4 (1497) 72.2 (1141) < 0.001
 Non-Hispanic Black 15.5 (1705) 18.0 (1134) 12.2 (571)  
 Mexican-American 5.7 (732) 6.0 (451) 5.2 (281)  
 Other races/ethnicities 11.1 (1079) 11.6 (690) 10.4 (389)  
Family income to poverty ratio
 Low 23.1 (2009) 24.5 (1260) 21.2 (749) < 0.001
 Middle 35.1 (2236) 36.4 (1385) 33.3 (851)  
 High 41.8 (1909) 39.1 (1127) 45.5 (782)  
Education level
 Below High School 22.6 (1946) 24.0 (1249) 20.8 (697) < 0.001
 High School 61.8 (3403) 62.2 (2057) 61.2 (1346)  
 College Graduate or Above 15.6 (805) 13.8 (466) 18.0 (339)  
Cholesterol level
 No high cholesterol 22.6 (1422) 23.6 (891) 21.2 (531) 0.002
 Borderline elevated 10.7 (644) 12.1 (427) 8.7 (217)  
 High cholesterol 66.8 (4088) 64.3 (2454) 70.1 (1634)  
High-density lipoprotein
 Normal 62.1 (3884) 63.4 (2445) 60.3 (1439) 0.12
 Low 37.9 (2270) 36.6 (1327) 39.7 (943)  
Chronic kidney disease
 No 66.7 (3860) 63.0 (2248) 71.6 (1612) < 0.001
 Yes 33.3 (2294) 37.0 (1524) 28.4 (770)  
Diabetes mellitus status
 No 68.2 (3944) 68.2 (2414) 68.0 (1530) 0.92
 Yes 31.8 (2210) 31.8 (1358) 32.0 (852)  
Smoker
 No 82.3 (5081) 83.8 (3150) 80.2 (1931) 0.007
 Yes 17.7 (1073) 16.2 (622) 19.8 (451)  
Leisure time physical activity (in minutes)
 No 63.3 (4034) 63.6 (2475) 62.8 (1559) 0.70
 Some (< 150 min) 14.7 (872) 14.2 (530) 15.3 (342)  
 High (≥150 min) 22.1 (1248) 22.2 (767) 21.9 (481)  
Survey year
 2007–10 31.4 (2179) 31.7 (1309) 30.9 (870) 0.033
 2011–14 34.6 (1989) 32.7 (1188) 37.2 (801)  
 2015–18 34.0 (1986) 35.6 (1275) 31.9 (711)  
Height categories
 Q1 (135.3–159.2) 27.6 (1869) 29.5 (1200) 25.1 (669) 0.009
 Q2 (159.3–166.2) 24.3 (1506) 24.2 (921) 24.4 (585)  
 Q3 (166.3–173.6) 22.9 (1444) 23.2 (879) 22.5 (565)  
 Q4 173.7–204.5) 25.2 (1335) 23.1 (772) 28.0 (563)  
  1. Numbers are presented as weighted column percentages and unweighted numbers, p-values were obtained with chi-square tests
  2. NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey