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Table 1 Comparison of respondents according to hypertension status, NHANES 2007–18

From: Association between height and hypertension among US adults: analyses of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–18

Variables Overall, % (n) By Hypertension
No Hypertension, % (n) Hypertension, % (n) p-values
Age (in year)
 20–39 39.9 (7697) 18.5 (1659) 58.3 (6038) < 0.001
 40–59 34.5 (6959) 38.6 (3674) 31.0 (3285)  
 60+ 25.6 (7279) 42.9 (5830) 10.7 (1449)  
Gender
 Male 47.1 (10,499) 50.1 (5671) 44.6 (4828) < 0.001
 Female 52.9 (11,436) 49.9 (5492) 55.4 (5944)  
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 62.8 (8798) 65.4 (4614) 60.6 (4184) < 0.001
 Non-Hispanic Black 12.3 (4714) 14.5 (2850) 10.5 (1864)  
 Mexican-American 10.4 (3641) 7.8 (1560) 12.5 (2081)  
 Other races/ethnicities 14.5 (4782) 12.3 (2139) 16.4 (2643)  
Family income to poverty ratio
 Low 25.6 (7533) 23.7 (3672) 27.2 (3861) < 0.001
 Middle 33.0 (7615) 34.2 (4047) 32.0 (3568)  
 High 41.4 (6787) 42.0 (3444) 40.8 (3343)  
Education level
 Below High School 19.4 (6057) 21.3 (3399) 17.8 (2658) < 0.001
 High School 60.2 (12,241) 61.7 (6203) 58.9 (6038)  
 College Graduate or Above 20.4 (3637) 16.9 (1561) 23.4 (2076)  
Total cholesterol level
 No high cholesterol 44.0 (9301) 30.6 (3388) 55.5 (5913) < 0.001
 Borderline elevated 17.8 (3823) 16.6 (1770) 18.8 (2053)  
 High cholesterol 38.2 (8811) 52.8 (6005) 25.7 (2806)  
High-density lipoprotein (in mg/dl)
 Normal 66.9 (14,551) 64.4 (7257) 69.0 (7294) < 0.001
 Low 33.1 (7384) 35.6 (3906) 31.0 (3478)  
Chronic kidney disease
 No 84.7 (17,809) 75.2 (7930) 92.8 (9879) < 0.001
 Yes 15.3 (4126) 24.8 (3233) 7.2 (893)  
Diabetes mellitus status
 No 87.1 (18,260) 78.5 (8304) 94.4 (9956) < 0.001
 Yes 12.9 (3675) 21.5 (2859) 5.6 (816)  
Smoker
 No 76.9 (16,945) 79.1 (8857) 75.0 (8088) < 0.001
 Yes 23.1 (4990) 20.9 (2306) 25.0 (2684)  
Leisure time physical activity (in minutes)
 No/Low 50.9 (12,249) 58.3 (6874) 44.6 (5375) 0.20
 Some (< 150 min) 15.7 (3134) 15.2 (1582) 16.0 (1552)  
 High (≥150 min) 33.4 (6552) 26.5 (2707) 39.3 (3845)  
Survey year
 2007–10 31.9 (7791) 31.3 (3911) 32.4 (3880) 0.20
 2011–14 34.3 (7236) 33.9 (3547) 34.6 (3689)  
 2015–18 33.8 (6908) 34.8 (3705) 32.9 (3203)  
Height categories
 Q1 (135.3–159.2) 20.6 (5476) 22.7 (2941) 18.8 (2535) < 0.001
 Q2 (159.3–166.2) 24.8 (5460) 22.9 (2641) 26.4 (2819)  
 Q3 (166.3–173.6) 25.0 (5474) 24.3 (2764) 25.7 (2710)  
 Q4 173.7–204.5) 29.5 (5525) 30.0 (2817) 29.1 (2708)  
  1. Numbers are presented as weighted column percentages and unweighted numbers, p-values were obtained with chi-square tests
  2. NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey