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Table 4 Independent association of socio-demographic, lifestyle and PSE with Hypertension stratified by sex in the NHANNES Data

From: Passive smoking exposure and the risk of hypertension among non-smoking adults: the 2015–2016 NHANES data

Characteristics Women Men
aOR (95%CI) P aOR (95%CI) P
Age (in years) 1.083 (1.083, 1.083) < 0.0001 1.083 (1.083, 1.083) < 0.0001
Racea
(Hispanics only) 0.500 (0.499, 0.502) < 0.0001 0.547 (0.546, 0.549) < 0.0001
(Black only) 0.608 (0.606, 0.609) < 0.0001 0.682 (0.680, 0.684) < 0.0001
(Others) 1.321 (1.317, 1.325) < 0.0001 1.513 (1.507, 1.518) < 0.0001
Employed (Yes) 0.722 (0.721. 0.723) < 0.0001 2.258 (2.253, 2.264) < 0.0001
Income (>$24,999) 0.578 (0.577, 0.579) < 0.0001 1.248 (1.244, 1.252) < 0.0001
Marital Statusb
 (Married only) 1.174 (1.172, 1.177) < 0.0001 0.674 (0.672, 0.676) < 0.0001
  (Widow/Divorced/Separated) 1.014 (1.011, 1.017) < 0.0001 1.198 (1.910, 1.926) < 0.0001
Alcohol use (Yes) 1.272 (1.270, 1.274) < 0.0001 1.114 (1.112, 1.117) < 0.0001
BMIc
  (Overweight) 1.837 (1.833, 1.840) < 0.0001 3.231 (3.223, 3.239) < 0.0001
  (Obese) 3.353 (3.347, 3.358) < 0.0001 5.803 (5.789, 5.818) < 0.0001
PSE (Yes) 1.240 (1.238, 1.242) < 0.0001 0.755 (0.754, 0.757) < 0.0001
  1. a - White only as a reference; b - never married as reference; c – normal weight as reference; PSE - Passive smoke exposure