Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of subjects according to hypertension status in the cohort study

From: Usefulness of waist-to-height ratio in screening incident hypertension among Japanese community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly individuals

 NormotensionHypertensionP-value*
Baseline CharacteristicsN = 419N = 324N = 95
Gender (male, %)123 (38.0)41 (43.2)0.403
Age (years)65 ± 967 ± 90.036
BMI (kg/m2)21.4 ± 2.622.5 ± 2.7< 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)78.0 ± 7.780.5 ± 7.50.005
WHtR0.50 ± 0.050.52 ± 0.060.001
WHpR0.87 ± 0.060.89 ± 0.060.017
Smoking habit (never/past/light/heavy (%))71.9/15.1/4.6/8.374.7/12.6/5.3/7.40.910
Drinking status (never/occasional/light/heavy (%))51.5/25.3/7.1/16.043.2/25.3/10.5/21.10.361
Exercise habits (%)38.326.30.038
Cardiovascular disease (%)3.13.21.000
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)119 ± 11130 ± 8< 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)71 ± 877 ± 7< 0.001
Antihypertensive medication (%)001.000
Triglycerides (mg/dl)81 (59–109)88 (63–126)0.285
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)69 ± 1767 ± 190.498
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)123 ± 29120 ± 280.390
Antidyslipidemic medication (%)16.015.81.000
Hemoglobin A1c (%)5.6 (5.4–5.8)5.6 (5.4–5.8)0.494
Antidiabetic medication (%)4.63.20.774
Serum uric acid (mg/dL)5.0 ± 1.35.4 ± 1.30.002
Estimated GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2/year)76.0 ± 10.075.0 ± 8.00.361
  1. Data presented are mean ± standard deviation. Data for triglycerides and hemoglobin A1c is skewed, and presented as median (interquartile range) values. * P-value: Student’s t-test for the continuous variables or the χ2 test for the categorical variables. Bold values indicate significance (p < 0.05)