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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects according to hypertension status in the cross-sectional study

From: Usefulness of waist-to-height ratio in screening incident hypertension among Japanese community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly individuals

 NormotensionHypertensionP-value*
Baseline CharacteristicsN = 1727N = 608N = 1119
Gender (male, %)258 (42.4)510 (45.6)0.224
Age (years)66 ± 972 ± 8< 0.001
BMI (kg/m2)21.8 ± 2.823.4 ± 3.2< 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)78.9 ± 8.082.7 ± 8.9< 0.001
WHtR0.51 ± 0.050.54 ± 0.06< 0.001
WHpR0.88 ± 0.060.91 ± 0.06< 0.001
Smoking habit (never/past/light/heavy (%))71.2/15.5/5.3/8.172.4/20.5/1.7/5.5< 0.001
Drinking status (never/occasional/light/heavy (%))50.5/25.2/8.7/15.650.3/20.6/10.3/18.90.069
Exercise habits (%)36.038.00.435
Cardiovascular disease (%)4.68.00.009
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122 ± 12144 ± 15< 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)72 ± 881 ± 10< 0.001
Antihypertensive medication (%)068.7< 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl)83 (61–114)91 (69–129)< 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)68 ± 1864 ± 16< 0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)122 ± 29119 ± 300.047
Antidyslipidemic medication (%)14.326.5< 0.001
Hemoglobin A1c (%)5.6 (5.4–5.8)5.7 (5.5–6.0)< 0.001
Antidiabetic medication (%)5.610.5< 0.001
Serum uric acid (mg/dL)5.1 ± 1.35.4 ± 1.4< 0.001
Estimated GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2/year)74.9 ± 9.869.6 ± 12.2< 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index; WHtR waist/height ratio; WHpR waist/hip ratio; HDL high-density lipoprotein; LDL low-density lipoprotein; GFR glomerular filtration ratio. Data presented are mean ± standard deviation. Data for triglycerides and hemoglobin A1c is skewed, and presented as median (interquartile range) values. * P-value: Student’s t-test for the continuous variables or the χ2 test for the categorical variables. Bold values indicate significance (p < 0.05)