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Table 4 Odds ratios (95% CI) for good adherence to the guidelines

From: Factors associated with dietary adherence to the guidelines for prevention and treatment of hypertension among Korean adults with and without hypertension

 Normotensives (n = 359)Hypertensives (n = 138)
Age- sex adjustedFully adjustedAge- sex adjustedFully adjusted
Sex(women vs. men)1.06 (0.66, 1.72)0.81 (0.46, 1.43)0.70 (0.32, 1.52)0.41 (0.14, 1.21)
Age(y)1.02 (0.99, 1.05)1.03 (1.00, 1.07)1.03 (0.96, 1.10)1.05 (0.95, 1.15)
Education(≥college vs. <college)1.51 (0.93, 2.46)*1.17 (0.68, 2.03)1.98 (0.81, 4.83)1.34 (0.45, 3.95)
Cardiometabolic risk(yes vs. no)0.63 (0.40, 0.97)*0.74 (0.45, 1.22)0.65 (0.26, 1.64)1.05 (0.31, 3.51)
Family history of hypertension(yes vs. no)1.32 (0.84, 2.07)1.19 (0.71, 1.97)0.99 (0.46, 2.16)1.29 (0.50, 3.34)
Awareness of BP value(know vs. do not)0.64 (0.40, 1.05)0.72 (0.42, 1.24)1.02 (0.37, 2.87)1.74 (0.51, 5.94)
Healthy habit(yes vs. no)1.15 (0.69, 1.93)1.17 (0.66, 2.07)1.70 (0.67, 4.30)1.61 (0.52, 5.04)
Knowledge on the necessity for lifestyle modification even when BP-lowering drug use(correct vs. wrong)1.85 (0.71, 4.83)0.93 (0.29, 3.00)0.96 (0.31, 2.95)0.27 (0.06, 1.14)
Perceived barriers to dietary therapy(the number of barriers)0.62 (0.51, 0.75)**0.71 (0.57, 0.88)**0.50 (0.35, 0.71)**0.54 (0.36, 0.82)**
Self-efficacy(score)4.25 (2.53, 7.13)**3.71 (2.11, 6.51)**4.73 (1.87, 12.0)**4.06 (1.28, 12.9)*
Dietary education(yes vs. no)2.00 (1.13, 3.55)*1.98 (1.03, 3.80)*1.19 (0.34, 4.17)1.05 (0.25, 4.48)
Self-reported diet management(yes vs. no)1.96 (1.25, 3.08)**1.61 (0.97, 2.68)2.57 (1.17, 5.65)*4.16 (1.58, 11.0)**
  1. *p value < 0.05, ** < 0.01
  2. Good adherence to the guidelines was defined as ≥3 score of the mean adherence score to 4 guidelines including reduction in dietary sodium intake, consumption in appropriate amount (not overconsuming), sufficient intake of fruit and vegetables, and a well-balanced diet
  3. High dietary Cardiometabolic risk was defined if there was at least one of obesity, diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemia
  4. Healthy habit was defined if it was satisfied with all of current non-smoking, non-drinking, and regular walking