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Table 3 Odds ratios (95% CI) for self-reported diet management behavior

From: Factors associated with dietary adherence to the guidelines for prevention and treatment of hypertension among Korean adults with and without hypertension

 Normotensives (n = 359)Hypertensives (n = 138)
Age- sex adjustedFully adjustedAge- sex adjustedFully adjusted
Sex(women vs. men)1.12 (0.69, 1.83)0.87 (0.50, 1.50)1.63 (0.76, 3.51)1.58 (0.66, 3.81)
Age(y)1.02 (1.00, 1.05)1.02 (0.99, 1.06)0.99 (0.93, 1.04)0.98 (0.92, 1.05)
Education(≥college vs. <college)1.31 (0.80, 2.14)1.02 (0.60, 1.72)0.68 (0.28, 1.04)0.61 (0.23, 1.65)
Cardiometabolic risk(yes vs. no)1.44 (0.92, 2.25)1.63 (1.01, 2.63)*1.87 (0.69, 5.09)1.55 (0.51, 4.67)
Family history of hypertension(yes vs. no)1.26 (0.79, 1.98)1.12 (0.69, 1.82)0.77 (0.37, 1.60)0.87 (0.40, 1.91)
Awareness of BP value(know vs. do not)0.84 (0.52, 1.37)0.93 (0.56, 1.56)0.79 (0.30, 2.10)0.80 (0.28, 2.27)
Healthy habit(yes vs. no)1.27 (0.76, 2.14)1.32 (0.77, 2.27)0.89 (0.35, 2.23)1.11 (0.41, 2.99)
Knowledge on the necessity for lifestyle modification regardless of BP-lowering drug use(correct vs. wrong)2.93 (0.97, 8.84)2.60 (0.80, 8.42)4.71 (1.02, 21.7)*6.29 (1.23, 32.3)*
Perceived barriers to dietary therapy(the number of barriers)0.85 (0.71, 1.01)0.84 (0.68, 1.04)1.08 (0.82, 1.42)1.09 (0.78, 1.53)
Self-efficacy(score)1.56 (0.99, 2.50)*1.51 (0.93, 2.46)1.38 (0.68, 2.81)1.35 (0.60, 3.01)
Dietary education(yes vs. no)2.02 (1.14, 3.58)*2.19 (1.20, 4.02)*2.31 (0.72, 7.38)2.95 (0.80, 10.9)
Perceived necessity for diet change(yes vs. no)1.46 (0.85, 2.50)1.61 (0.90, 2.89)1.81 (0.61, 5.35)1.99 (0.61, 6.50)
  1. *p value < 0.05, ** < 0.01
  2. Cardiometabolic risk was defined if there was at least one of obesity, diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemia
  3. Healthy habit was defined if it was satisfied with all of current non-smoking, non-drinking, and regular walking