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Table 2 Dietary practices over the past month for blood pressure control

From: Factors associated with dietary adherence to the guidelines for prevention and treatment of hypertension among Korean adults with and without hypertension

 Total (n = 497)Normotensives(n = 359)Hypertensives (n = 138)P-value
Self-reported diet management (yes)171 (34.4)122 (34.0)49 (35.5)0.83
Dietary practice over the past month (score, range: 1–4)2.64 ± 0.48a2.67 ± 0.462.56 ± 0.540.04
I limited my daily sodium diet.2.61 ± 0.742.62 ± 0.732.58 ± 0.780.60
I ate proper amount without overeating.2.76 ± 0.652.80 ± 0.612.68 ± 0.740.11
I had a diet rich in fruit and vegetable.2.68 ± 0.672.72 ± 0.662.55 ± 0.690.01
I had a well-balanced diet.2.51 ± 0.672.53 ± 0.642.44 ± 0.750.20
Good adherence (mean dietary practice score of ≥3)167 (33.6)129 (35.9)38 (27.5)0.09
  1. Values are presented as N (%) or mean ± SD
  2. amean of scores of 4 items (sodium reduction, proper amount of consumption, sufficient consumption of fruit and vegetable, well-balanced meal)