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Table 2 Prevalence of hypertension and its subtypes according to the 2017 ACC/AHA and 2018 KSH guidelines

From: Differences in prevalence of hypertension subtypes according to the 2018 Korean Society of Hypertension and 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2017 (KNHANES IV-VII)

 All HTNTreated HTNUntreated isolated diastolic HTNUntreated isolated systolic HTNUntreated systolic diastolic HTN
2018 KSH2017 ACC/AHADifferenceAll guideline2018 KSH2017 ACC/AHADifference2018 KSH2017 ACC/AHADifference2018 KSH2017 ACC/AHADifference
(n = 18,377)(n = 29,713)(n = 11,336)(n = 11,697)(n = 2592)(n = 9191)(n = 6593)(n = 2007)(n = 2082)(n = 79)(n = 2081)(n = 6743)(n = 4627)
Total25.9 (25.4–26.5)46.3 (45.6–46.9)20.3 (19.9–20.8)14.7 (14.3–15.1)5.2 (4.9–5.4)17.9 (17.4–18.3)11.8 (11.5–12.1)2.5 (2.3–2.6)2.6 (2.4–2.7)0.1 (0.0–0.2)3.5 (3.3–3.7)11.1 (10.7–11.4)7.6 (7.3–7.8)
Age group, yrs
 20–294.8 (4.2–5.4)22.5 (21.3–23.8)17.7 (16.6–18.9)0.2 (0.1–0.4)3.5 (3.0–4.1)17.2 (16.1–18.3)12.5 (12.3–12.7)0.4 (0.2–0.5)0.7 (0.5–0.9)0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.7 (0.5–1.0)4.4 (3.8–5.0)3.7 (3.2–4.3)
 30–3910.3 (9.6–11.0)31.6 (30.5–32.7)21.3 (20.4–22.3)1.8 (1.5–2.2)6.5 (6.0–7.1)22.4 (21.4–23.4)14.9 (14.7–15.2)0.3 (0.1–0.4)0.4 (0.2–0.5)0.1 (0.0–0.2)2.2 (1.8–2.5)7.5 (6.9–8.1)5.3 (4.8–5.9)
 40–4921.1 (20.2–22.0)45.0 (43.9–46.1)23.9 (23.0–24.8)10.8 (9.9–11.6)8.5 (7.9–9.1)24.3 (23.3–25.3)15.2 (15.0–15.4)0.7 (0.5–0.9)0.6 (0.4–0.8)−0.1 (− 0.2–0.0)4.6 (4.2–5.1)12.9 (12.2–13.7)8.3 (7.7–8.9)
 50–5935.3 (34.3–36.4)59.1 (58.1–60.2)23.8 (22.9–24.7)26.1 (25.0–27.1)5.5 (5.0–6.0)18.9 (18.0–19.7)13.1 (12.8–13.3)3.2 (2.8–3.6)2.3 (1.9–2.6)− 0.9 (− 1.0--0.8)6.4 (5.8–6.9)18.9 (18.0–19.7)11.4 (10.7–12.1)
 60–6951.1 (49.9–52.3)67.8 (66.7–69.0)16.7 (15.8–17.6)30.0 (29.0–31.0)1.9 (1.6–2.2)8.5 (7.8–9.1)6.5 (6.1–6.8)6.3 (5.7–7.0)6.5 (5.9–7.1)0.0 (0.0–0.0)4.0 (3.5–4.4)14.0 (13.2–14.9)10.1 (9.3–10.8)
 70–7962.6 (61.2–63.9)74.6 (73.4–75.8)12.1 (11.1–13.0)25.0 (24.1–25.9)0.7 (0.5–0.9)3.0 (2.6–3.5)2.1 (1.8–2.4)8.7 (8.0–9.5)11.0 (10.2–11.9)1.4 (1.3–1.6)2.6 (2.2–3.1)10.1 (9.3–11.0)7.5 (6.8–8.2)
 80+69.7 (66.8–72.5)79.8 (77.4–82.2)10.1 (8.4–11.9)6.1 (5.6–6.6)0.5 (0.1–0.8)1.6 (0.9–2.2)1.6 (1.3–1.8)12.1 (10.2–14.1)15.0 (12.8–17.2)2.8 (2.7–3.0)2.2 (1.4–3.1)8.8 (7.1–10.5)6.6 (5.1–8.1)
Male29.2 (2.4–29.9)55.3 (54.4–56.1)26.1 (25.4–26.8)14.0 (13.5–14.5)82 (7.8–8.7)24.9 (24.1–25.6)14.4 (14.0–14.7)2.3 (2.1–2.5)2.2 (2.0–2.4)0.0 (0.0–0.0)4.5 (4.2–4.9)14.1 (13.6–14.7)9.6 (9.1–10.0)
Age group, yrs
 20–297.9 (6.8–9.0)34.1 (32.1–36.1)26.2 (24.4–28.0)0.5 (0.1–0.8)5.7 (4.8–6.7)25.0 (23.2–26.8)19.6 (19.3–20.2)0.7 (0.3–1.0)1.2 (0.8–1.7)0.6 (0.5–0.7)1.2 (0.8–1.6)7.5 (6.4–8.6)6.3 (5.3–7.3)
 30–3916.8 (15.6–18.0)46.8 (45.1–48.4)30.0 (28.5–31.5)2.9 (2.3–3.6)11.0 (10.0–11.9)32.5 (30.9–34.0)21.5 (21.1–22.0)0.4 (0.2–0.7)0.5 (0.3–0.7)0.0 (0.0–0.0)3.4 (2.8–4.0)11.8 (10.8–12.9)8.4 (7.5–9.3)
 40–4929.0 (27.5–30.4)59.0 (57.5–60.6)30.1 (28.6–31.5)13.9 (12.5–15.3)13.3 (12.2–14.4)33.0 (31.5–34.5)19.5 (19.3–20.0)0.6 (0.4–0.9)0.4 (0.2–0.7)− 0.1 (− 0.2–0.0)6.3 (5.5–7.0)16.9 (15.7–18.1)10.6 (9.6–11.6)
 50–5940.4 (38.8–41.9)67.4 (65.9–68.9)27.0 (25.6–28.4)29.3 (27.7–30.9)7.9 (7.0–8.7)23.1 (21.7–24.4)15.5 (15.1–15.9)3.3 (2.7–4.0)1.9 (1.4–2.3)− 1.4 (− 1.5--1.2)7.6 (6.8–8.5)20.9 (19.6–22.3)13.3 (12.2–14.4)
 60–6951.2 (49.4–52.9)69.2 (67.5–70.8)18.0 (16.6–19.3)29.9 (28.4–31.4)2.5 (2.0–3.0)10.3 (9.3–11.3)7.9 (7.7–8.1)5.5 (4.8–6.2)5.4 (4.6–6.2)− 0.3 (− 0.4−− 0.2)4.8 (4.1–5.6)15.1 (13.8–16.3)10.3 (9.2–11.3)
 70–7958.1 (56.1–60.1)71.1 (69.3–73.0)13.0 (11.7–14.4)19.6 (18.4–20.7)0.7 (0.4–1.0)4.0 (3.2–4.8)3.4 (3.0–3.7)8.9 (7.8–10.0)11.0 (9.7–12.3)1.8 (1.6–2.0)3.1 (2.4–3.8)10.8 (9.6–12.0)7.7 (6.7–8.7)
 80+63.0 (58.3–67.8)73.7 (69.4–78.0)10.7 (7.8–13.6)3.9 (3.4–4.5)0.6 (0.0–1.3)2.6 (1.1–4.1)1.8 (1.6–2.0)12.7 (9.6–15.8)15.7 (12.4–19.0)2.5 (2.3–2.8)1.5 (0.5–2.5)7.2 (4.7–9.7)5.7 (3.4–8.0)
Female22.7 (22.1–23.3)37.3 (36.5–38.0)14.5 (14.1–15.0)15.4 (14.9–15.9)2.1 (1.9–2.3)10.9 (10.4–11.3)8.5 (8.0–8.9)2.6 (2.4–2.8)2.9 (2.7–3.1)0.2 (0.1–0.4)2.4 (2.2–2.6)8.0 (7.7–8.4)5.6 (5.3–5.9)
Age group, yrs
 20–291.3 (0.9–1.7)9.4 (8.3–10.5)8.1 (7.1–9.1)0.0 (0.0–0.1)1.0 (0.7–1.4)8.3 (7.3–9.3)7.0 (6.7–7.3)0.0 (0.0–0.0)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.2 (0.0–0.4)1.0 (0.6–1.3)0.8 (0.5–1.1)
 30–393.4 (2.9–3.9)15.5 (14.4–16.6)12.1 (11.2–13.1)0.8 (0.6–1.1)1.8 (1.5–2.2)11.7 (10.8–12.7)9.5 (9.3–9.8)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.2 (0.1–0.3)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.8 (0.5–1.1)2.9 (2.4–3.4)2.1 (1.6–2.5)
 40–4913.0 (12.0–14.0)30.6 (29.3–32.0)17.6 (16.6–18.7)7.9 (7.0–8.8)3.6 (3.1–4.1)15.4 (14.4–16.4)12.1 (11.7–12.5)0.8 (0.6–1.1)0.8 (0.5–1.1)-0.2 (− 0.3--0.1)3.0 (2.5–3.5)8.9 (8.1–9.7)5.9 (5.2–6.5)
 50–5930.3 (28.9–31.6)50.8 (49.3–52.2)20.5 (19.3–21.7)23.2 (21.9–24.4)3.0 (2.6–3.5)14.6 (13.6–15.6)11.2 (10.8–11.6)3.1 (2.6–3.6)2.7 (2.2–3.2)− 0.7 (− 0.8--0.6)5.1 (4.4–5.7)14.5 (13.6–15.5)9.5 (8.7–10.3)
 60–6951.1 (49.4–52.7)66.6 (65.0–68.1)15.5 (14.4–16.6)30.0 (28.7–31.3)1.3 (1.0–1.7)6.7 (6.0–7.5)5.4 (5.1–5.8)7.2 (6.3–8.1)7.5 (6.7–8.3)0.5 (0.3–0.7)3.2 (2.6–3.7)13.0 (11.9–14.1)9.9 (8.9–10.8)
 70–7965.8 (63.9–67.6)77.1 (75.5–78.7)11.4 (10.1–12.6)30.0 (28.7–31.3)0.7 (0.4–0.9)2.4 (1.8–2.9)2.2 (2.0–2.5)8.6 (7.6–9.6)11.0 (9.9–12.2)1.8 (1.5–2.0)2.3 (1.7–2.8)9.7 (8.5–10.8)7.4 (6.4–8.4)
 80+73.2 (69.8–76.6)83.0 (80.2–85.8)9.8 (7.7–12.0)8.1 (7.2–8.9)0.4 (0.0–0.8)1.0 (0.3–1.7)0.9 (0.8–1.1)11.8 (9.3–14.3)14.6 (11.7–17.4)3.0 (2.8–3.1)2.6 (1.4–3.8)9.7 (7.4–11.9)7.0 (5.0–9.0)
  1. Values are presented as weighted % (95% confidence interval)
  2. Abbreviations: ACC/AHA American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association, HTN Hypertension, KNHANES The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, KSH Korean Society of Hypertension