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Table 12 Indications and contraindications of antihypertensive drugs

From: 2018 Korean Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of hypertension: part II-diagnosis and treatment of hypertension

  Absolute indications Relative indications Need cautions Absolute contraindications
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers Congestive heart failure, diabetic nephropathy   (Bilateral) Renal artery stenosis, hyperkalemia Pregnancy, angioedema
Beta-blockers Ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction Tachyarrhythmia High blood
glucose, peripheral
artery disease
Asthma, severe and symptomatic bradyarrhythmia
Calcium channel blockers Elderly hypertension, isolate systolic hypertension, ischemic heart disease (non-DHP*)   Congestive heart failure Severe and symptomatic bradyarrhythmia (non-DHP*)
Diuretics Congestive heart failure, isolate systolic hypertension   High blood glucose Gout, hypokalemia
  1. *Non-DHP: non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.