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Table 3 Adverse effects experienced by hypertensive patients attending UOGCSH (N = 249)

From: Adverse effects and non-adherence to antihypertensive medications in University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital

Adverse effects Good adherence (N = 156) Poor adherence (N = 93) Total (N = 249)
Never/ Sometimes N (%) Usually/ Always N (%) Never/ Sometimes N (%) Usually/ Always N (%) Never/ Sometimes N (%) Usually/ Always N (%)
Tiredness 98 (62.8) 58 (37.2) 32 (34.4) 61 (65.6) 130 (52.2) 119 (47.8)
Sweats 138 (88.5) 18 (11.5) 73 (78.5) 20 (81.5) 211 (84.7) 38 (15.3)
Gripes 142 (91.0) 14 (9.0) 80 (86.0) 13 (14.0) 222 (89.2) 27 (10.8)
Nausea 140 (89.7) 16 (10.3) 77 (82.8) 16 (17.2) 217 (87.1) 32 (12.9)
Diarrhea 152 (97.4) 4 (2.6) 92 (98.9) 1 (1.1) 244 (88.0) 5 (2.0)
Constipation 131 (84.0) 25 (16.0) 82 (88.2) 11 (11.8) 212 (85.5) 36 (14.5)
Palpitations 114 (73.1) 42 (26.9) 53 (57.0) 40 (43.0) 167 (67.1) 82 (32.9)
Swollen feet or legs 120 (76.9) 36 (23.1) 67 (72.0) 26 (28.0) 187 (75.1) 62 (24.9)
Cold hands or feet 145 (92.9) 11 (7.1) 75 (80.6) 18 (19.4) 220 (88.4) 29 (11.6)
Muscle pain 146 (93.6) 10 (6.4) 77 (82.8) 16 (17.2) 223 (89.6) 26 (10.4)
Cramps 146 (93.6) 10 (6.4) 82 (88.2) 11 (11.8) 228 (91.6) 21 (8.4)
Headaches 91 (58.3) 65 (41.7) 45 (48.4) 48 (51.6) 136 (54.6) 113 (45.4)
Dizziness 83 (53.2) 73 (46.8) 47 (50.5) 46 (49.5) 130 (52.2) 119 (47.8)
Anxiety 142 (91.0) 14 (9.0) 78 (83.9) 15 (16.1) 220 (88.4) 29 (11.6)
Sadness 143 (91.7) 13 (8.3) 81 (87.1) 12 (12.9) 224 (90) 25 (10.0)
Sleep poorly 136 (87.2) 20 (12.8) 71 (76.3) 22 (23.7) 207 (83.1) 42 (16.9)
Shortness of breath or breathing difficulty 142 (91.0) 14 (9.0) 84 (90.3) 9 (9.7) 226 (90.8) 23 (9.2)
Persistent dry cough 124 (79.5) 32 (20.5) 70 (75.3) 23 (24.7) 194 (77.9) 55 (22.1)
Itching 146 (93.6) 10 (6.4) 87 (93.5) 6 (6.5) 233 (93.6) 16 (6.4)
Skin rash 151 (96.8) 5 (3.2) 84 (90.3) 9 (9.7) 235 (94.4) 14 (5.6)
Swollen or red face 150 (96.2) 6 (3.8) 92 (98.9) 1 (1.1) 242 (97.2) 7 (2.8)
Dry mouth 142 (91.0) 14 (9.0) 82 (88.2) 11 (11.8) 224 (90) 25 (10.0)
Frequent urination 98 (62.8) 58 (37.2) 61 (65.6) 32 (34.4) 159 () 90 (36.1)
Decreased sexual desire or ability sexual 126 (80.8) 30 (19.2) 83 (89.2) 10 (10.8) 208 () 40 (16.1)
Blurred vision 155 (99.4) 1 (0.6) 93 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 248 () 1 (0.4)