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Table 6 Median practice score towards prevention of chronic kidney disease of 374 patients with hypertension

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hypertensive patients towards prevention and early detection of chronic kidney disease: a cross sectional study from Palestine

Variables Total
N = 374 (%)
Median practice scorea
[Q1-Q3]
Mean rank P-valueb
Gender
 Male 131 (35) 40 [37–43) 208.9 0.005 c
 Female 243 (65) 39 [35–42] 176.0  
Age (years)
  < 65 247 (66) 39 [36–42] 183.7 0.339c
  ≥ 65 127 (34) 40 [36–43] 194.9  
Residency
 Village 56 (15) 40 [37–43] 199.6  
 City 301 (80.5) 39 [36–42] 183.9 0.384d
 Refugee camp 17 (4.5) 42 [36–43] 211.8  
Employment
 Employed 98 (26.2) 40 [36.8–43] 195.7 0.383c
 Unemployed 276 (73.8) 39 [36–42] 184.6  
Body Mass Index
 Normal 38 (10.2) 41.5 [37–44] 226.0  
 Overweight 134 (35.8) 40 [36–42] 191.3 0.036 d
 Obese 202 (54) 39 [35–42] 177.8  
Marital status
 Married 296 (79.1) 40 [36–42] 171.4 0.138c
 Unmarried 78 (20.9) 38 [34–42] 191.7  
Monthly income (NISe)
 Low (Less than 2000) 230 (61.5) 39 [36–42] 176.8  
 Moderate (2000–5000) 129 (34.5) 40 [36–43] 200.3 0.020 d
 High (More than 5000) 15 (4) 42 [38–44] 241.5  
Education Level
 Uneducated 22 (5.9) 37 [34–40.5] 148.9  
 Primary school 90 (24.1) 37 [34–41] 146.6 < 0.001 d
 High school 188 (50.3) 40 [37–43] 202.1  
 University 74 (19.8) 40 [37–43] 211.7  
Hypertension Duration (year)
  < 1 13 (3.5) 40 [33.5–42.5] 178.4  
 1–3 93 (24.9) 39 [36–42] 183.5 0.924d
 4–5 69 (18.4) 39 [35–43] 184.7  
  ≥ 5 199 (53.2) 40 [36–42] 191.0  
Therapy type
 Mono therapy 174 (46.5) 39 [35–42] 176.5 0.065c
 Multi therapy 200 (53.5) 40 [36–43] 197.1  
Total number of medications
  < 4 125 (33.4) 39 [35–42] 169.2  
  ≥ 4 249 (66.6) 40 [26–43] 196.7 0.043 d
Total number of comorbid diseases
 0 79 (21.1) 39 [35–42] 183.1  
 1 82 (21.9) 38 [35–42] 165.1  
 2 144 (38.5) 40 [36–43] 190.6 0.035 d
 3 54 (14.4) 40 [37–43] 205.1  
  ≥ 4 15 (4.1) 42 [38–44] 240.1  
  1. aThe practices scale was made up of 12 items that recorded each patient’s healthy practices towards the prevention of CKD. The practice score ranged from 12 to 48 (high score meaning more good and better practices)
  2. bThe p-values are bold where they are less than the significance level cut-off of 0.05
  3. cStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Mann-Whitney U test
  4. dStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Kruskal-Wallis test
  5. e1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) equals 0.279 US Dollar