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Table 4 Median attitude score towards prevention of chronic kidney disease of 374 patients with hypertension

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hypertensive patients towards prevention and early detection of chronic kidney disease: a cross sectional study from Palestine

Variables Total
N = 374 (%)
Median attitude scorea
[Q1-Q3]
Mean rank P-valueb
Gender
 Male 131 (35%) 70 [66–72] 202.0 0.056c
 Female 243 (65%) 68 [64–72] 179.7  
Age (years)
  < 65 247 (66) 69 [66–72] 203.6  
  ≥ 65 127 (34) 67 [62–71] 156.3 < 0.001 c
Residency
 Village 56 (15%) 69 [64–71] 184.2  
 City 301 (80.5%) 69 [65–72] 189.3 0.678d
 Refugee camp 17 (4.5%) 68 [63–72] 166.5  
Employment
 Employed 98 (26.2%) 70 [67–73] 218.2 0.001 c
 Unemployed 276 (73.8%) 68 [64–72] 176.6  
Body Mass Index
 Normal 38 (10.2%) 69 [66–73] 196.6  
 Overweight 134 (35.8%) 69 [64–72] 184.9 0.841d
 Obese 202 (54%) 68 [65–72] 187.5  
Marital status
 Married 296 (79.1%) 69 [65–72] 162.8 0.023 c
 Unmarried 78 (20.9%) 67 [62–72] 194.0  
Monthly income (NISe)
 Low (Less than 2000) 230 (61.5%) 67 [63–71] 163.5  
 Moderate (2000–5000) 129 (34.5%) 70 [67–74] 223.2 < 0.001 d
 High (More than 5000) 15 (4%) 73 [69–75] 248.0  
Education Level
 Uneducated 22 (5.9%) 63 [60–68] 90.4  
 Primary school 90 (24.1%) 66 [62–70] 137.7 < 0.001 d
 High school 188 (50.3%) 69 [66–72] 200.6  
 University 74 (19.8%) 71 [68–74] 243.2  
Hypertension Duration (year)
  < 1 13 (3.5%) 70 [67–73] 208.2  
 1–3 93 (24.9%) 68 [65–72] 180.1  
 4–5 69 (18.4%) 68 [64–72] 176.8 0.537d
  ≥ 5 199 (53.2%) 69 [65–72] 193.3  
Therapy type     
 Mono therapy 174 (46.5%) 68 [65–72] 184.8 0.655c
 Multi therapy 200 (53.5%) 69 [65–72] 189.8  
Total number of medications
  < 4 125 (33.4) 68 [65–71] 181.4 0.442c
  ≥ 4 249 (66.6) 69 [65–72] 190.5  
Total number of comorbid diseases
 0 79 (21.1%) 69 [66–73] 200.8  
 1 82 (21.9%) 68 [66–72] 194.1  
 2 144 (38.5%) 69 [65–72] 182.2 0.611d
 3 54 (14.4%) 67 [62–73] 175.1  
  ≥ 4 15 (4.1%) 69 [63–70] 177.1  
  1. aAttitude scale used 5-point Likert-type scale for 18 items (range 18–90, high score meaning more positive and better attitudes)
  2. bThe p-values are bold where they are less than the significance level cut-off of 0.05
  3. cStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Mann-Whitney U test
  4. dStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Kruskal-Wallis test
  5. e1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) equals 0.279 US Dollar