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Table 4 Determinants of uncontrolled blood pressure among study participants at JUMC, 2017

From: Blood pressure control and its determinants among diabetes mellitus co-morbid hypertensive patients at Jimma University medical center, South West Ethiopia

Variable Blood Pressure COR (95 %CI) AOR (95 %CI)
Controlled Uncontrolled
Age category <50 years 20 44 1.00 1.00
≥ 50 years 37 30 2.55 (1.72, 4.75)* 2.06 (2.65, 7.79)*
Gender Male 33 34 1.00 1.00
Female 24 40 1. 63 (0. 98, 2. 90)* 1.42 (1.19, 2.14)*
Marital status Married 45 64 1.00 1.00
Single 7 4 2.721 (10.59, 13.36) 3.42 (11.22, 14.12)
Divorced 2 2 0.55 (0.14, 5.53) 0.49 (0.54, 1. 59)
Widowed 3 4 1.46 (0.22, 0.78)* 1.76 (0.46, 1.27)
Education level No formal education 7 28 1.00 1.00
Primary 12 21 2.22 (1.80, 2.84) 0. 18 (0. 15, 1. 13)
Secondary 15 12 1. 15 (0. 98, 2. 35) 0. 07 (0.37, 1. 53)
Tertiary and above 23 13 0. 27 (0. 34, 1. 12)* 0. 62 (0. 31, 0. 45)*
Residence Rural 18 22 1.00 1.00
Urban 39 52 0. 28 (1. 34, 11. 75) 2.11 (2.47, 9.16)
Monthly income (ETB) No regular income 15 26 2.17 (4.42, 6.15) 1.23 (0.23, 4.74)
<1000 6 15 1.06 (1.24, 3.1 5) 1.09 (2.12, 6.11)
1000–2000 9 10 0.69 (1.79, 3.35) 0.453 (0.32, 7.42)
2000–3000 7 11 0.66 (0. 64, 5. 59) 0.23 (2.32, 9.47)
≥ 3000 20 12 1.00 1.00
Occupation Gov’t employee 21 9 1.00 1.00
Non-Gov’t employee 13 6 0. 28 (0. 34, 1. 75) 1. 10 (0. 74, 2. 61)
Self employed 9 29 0.67 (0.27, 1.66) 0.68 (0.25, 1.87)
Unemployed 14 30 1.06 (0.60, 1.85) 1.05 (0.57, 1.94)
Smoking No 52 58 1.00 1.00
Yes 5 16 1.31 (0.75, 2.28)* 1.14 (0.62, 2.10)
Alcohol intake No 53 55 1.00 1.00
Yes 4 19 1.66 (0.46, 5.95)* 1.23 (0.32, 4.74)
Chat chewer No 42 53 1.00 1.00
Yes 15 21 1.05 (0.67, 1.66) 1.12 (0.68, 1.84)
Adherence Adherent 49 48 1.00 1.00
Non-adherent 8 26 2. 37 (2.71, 8. 65)* 2.05 (2.61, 9.33)*
Frequency of follow up Monthly 40 31 0. 35 (0. 53, 0. 97)* 0. 65 (0. 63, 0. 98)*
Every 2 months 10 31 1.31 (0.75, 2.28) 1. 4 2 (2. 26, 3.01)
Every 3 months 7 12 1.00 1.00
Duration with Hypertension ≤ 1 year 13 12 1.00 1.00
2–5 years 20 25 0. 69 (1. 36, 11.44) 1.11 (2.62, 6.63)
≥ 5 years 24 37 1. 75 (1. 59, 5. 85)* 2.88 (1.27, 8.31)*
Blood Sugar Controlled 51 35 1.00 1.00
Uncontrolled 6 39 2.33 (2. 11, 7. 15)* 1. 65 (2. 14,3. 32)*
Comorbidity No 40 48 1.00 1.00
Yes 17 26 1.04 (0. 44, 3. 31)* 1.12 (1. 22, 4. 45)
Anti-HTN regimen Monotherapy 13 18 1.00 1.00
Dual Therapy 40 49 048 (0.13, 1.08) 0.44 (1.10, 2.11)
Triple therapy 4 7 1.35 (1.79, 4.78) 1.68 (1.19, 3.43)
  1. ETB Ethiopian Birr, Anti-HTN Antihypertensive
  2. *P-value less than 0.05