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Table 3 Risk factors significantly associated with vasospastic angina (VA) according to logistic regression models

From: Blunted heart rate recovery is associated with coronary artery spasm in patients with suspected vasospastic angina

Risk factors Simple Multivariable
Odds ratio 95% CI p-value Odds ratio 95% CI p-value
lower upper lower upper
Age 1.02 1.04 1.04 0.001 1.03 1.01 1.04 0.001
Male gender 2.34 1.77 3.09 <0.001 2.00 1.43 2.78 <0.001
Rest heart rate 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.002     
Current smoking 2.66 3.55 3.55 <0.001 2.11 1.50 2.98 <0.001
Alcohol drinker 1.50 1.99 1.99 0.005     
Diabetes mellitus 1.49 1.13 2.19 0.042     
Dyslipidemia 1.46 1.01 1.93 0.006     
Nitrates 1.61 1.06 2.41 0.023     
Statin 1.66 1.15 2.4 0.007     
Max heart rate 0.99 0.98 0.99 <0.001 0.99 0.98 1.00 0.005
Blunted HRR 1.79 1.34 2.38 <0.001 1.71 1.26 2.31 <0.001
HRR 0.99 0.98 0.99 <0.001     
  1. CI confidence interval, HRR heart rate recovery