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Table 5 Medical factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive clients on ART, Kadoma City, 2016

From: Determinants of uncontrolled hypertension among clients on anti-retroviral therapy in Kadoma City, Zimbabwe, 2016

Variable   Uncontrolled hypertension OR(95% CI)
Yes n(%) No n(%)
BMI ≥25 75 (49) 34 (22) 3.38 (2.06–5.55)
<25 77 (51) 118 (78)
Waist circumference <75 cm 10 (7) 14 (9) 0.60 (0.38–0.95)
≥75 cm 142 (93) 138 (91)
Duration since hypertension diagnosis <5 95 (63) 108 (71) 0.68 (0.42–1.10)
≥5 57 (37) 44 (29)
Being on hydrochlorothiazide yes 100 (66) 114 (75) 0.64 (0.39–1.05)
no 52 (34) 38 (25)
Being on amlodipine yes 12 (8) 2 (1) 6.43 (1.41–29.23)
no 140 (92) 150 (99)
Elevated blood pressure in last year yes 87 (57) 40 (26) 3.75 (2.31–6.08)
no 65 (43) 112 (74)
Taking anti-hypertensives in last 2 weeks yes 114 (75) 95 (63) 1.80 (1.09–2.96)
no 38 (25) 57 (37)
Always having anti-hypertensives yes 112 (74) 94 (62) 1.73 (1.06–2.81)
no 40 (26) 58 (38)
Duration since HIV diagnosis ≥2 79 (52) 91 (60) 0.73 (0.46–1.14)
<2 73 (48) 61 (40)
Duration on ART <2 80 (53) 89 (59) 0.79 (0.59–1.24)
≥2 72 (47) 63 (41)
Current CD4+ count <500 57 (43) 61 (46) 0.87 (0.54–1.42)
≥500 76 (57) 71 (54)
Currently on Tenolam/Efavirenz yes 144 (95) 144 (95) 1.00 (0.37–2.74)
no 8 (5) 8 (5)
Currently on Tenolam/Atazanavir yes 5 (3) 6 (4) 0.83 (0.25–2.77)
no 147 (97) 146 (96)
Previously on Stalanev yes 23 (15) 37 (24) 0.55 (0.31–0.99)
no 129 (85) 115 (76)
Previously on Tenolam/Nevirapine yes 30 (20) 18 (12) 1.83 (0.97–3.45)
no 124 (80) 134 (88)
Family history of hypertension yes 108 (71) 91 (60) 1.65 (1.02–2.65)
no 44 (29) 61 (40)
Family history of stroke yes 24 (16) 14 (9) 1.85 (0.92–3.73)
no 128 (84) 138 (91)