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Table 4 Socio-demographic factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive clients on ART, Kadoma City, 2016

From: Determinants of uncontrolled hypertension among clients on anti-retroviral therapy in Kadoma City, Zimbabwe, 2016

Variable   Uncontrolled hypertension OR(95% CI)
Yes n(%) No n(%)
Age ≥40 123 (81) 113 (74) 1.46 (0.85–2.52)
<40 29 (19) 39 (26)
Sex female 94 (62) 110 (72) 0.62 (0.38–1.00)
male 52 (38) 42 (28)
Level of education none 3 (2) 1 (1) 3.04 (0.31–29.56)
some 149 (98) 151 (99)
Type of occupation manual 80 (53) 87 (57) 0.83 (0.53–1.31)
sedentary 72 (47) 65 (43)
Average income ≥200 61 (40) 44 (29) 1.65 (1.02–2.65)
<200 91 (60) 108 (71)
Smoking cigarettes yes 37 (24) 15 (10) 2.94 (1.54–5.62)
no 115 (76) 137 (90)
Drinking any alcohol yes 39 (39) 17 (22) 2.20 (1.33–3.64)
no 113 (74) 118 (78)
Drinking sorghum beer yes 44 (29) 27 (18) 1.89 (1.09–3.25)
no 108 (71) 125 (82)
Drinking wine yes 20 (13) 8 (5) 2.73 (1.16–6.40)
no 132 (87) 144 (95)
Drinking lagers yes 57 (38) 26 (17) 2.91 (1.70–4.96)
no 97 (62) 126 (83)
Adding salt to dishes yes 123 (81) 60 (39) 6.50 (3.87–10.93)
no 29 (19) 92 (61)
Commonly used transport walking and cycling 106 (70) 126 (83) 0.48 (0.28–0.82)
driving 46 (30) 26 (17)
Leisure activities active 87 (57) 105 (69) 0.50 (0.37–0.96)
passive 65 (43) 47 (31)