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Table 3 Multivariate analysis

From: The cardiovascular risk factors associated with the plaque pattern on coronary computed tomographic angiography in subjects for health check-up

  Oddi ratio 95% confidence interval p value
Independent factor associated with group 2, so called “non-calcified or soft” plaque
Age, year 1.019 0.968–1.073 0.473
Gender, male 2.452 0.686–8.767 0.168
Systolic BP 0.977 0.918–1.039 0.455
Diastolic BP 1.052 0.973–1.137 0.201
LDL-cholesterol 1.009 0.995–1.005 0.218
Fasting blood glucose 0.980 0.947–1.015 0.260
HbA1c 2.285 1.029–5.071 0.042
Smoking status 0.988 0.352–2.773 0.981
Independent factor associated with group 3, so called “calcified” plaque
Age, year 1.115 1.034–1.202 0.005
Gender, male 6.066 0.974–37.799 0.053
Body mass index 0.905 0.708–1.156 0.425
Systolic BP 1.039 0.985–1.095 0.159
Diastolic BP 0.982 0.919–1.049 0.593
HDL-cholesterol 1.011 0.979–1.045 0.500
Fasting blood glucose 0.994 0.970–1.018 0.593
HbA1c 1.681 0.817–3.459 0.159
Smoking status 3.386 1.124–10.202 0.030
Independent factor associated with group 4, so called “mixed” plaque
Age, year 1.054 1.011–1.099 0.014
Gender, male 1.294 0.520–3.220 0.580
Hypertension 3.087 1.536–6.202 0.001
Body mass index 0.866 0.710–1.098 0.183
Systolic BP 1.002 0.960–1.072 0.954
Diastolic BP 1.014 0.969–1.005 0.410
Heart rate 1.027 0.993–1.061 0.119
Triglyceride 1.000 0.995–1.005 0.973
HDL-cholesterol 0.999 0.999–1.030 0.942
Fasting blood glucose 0.989 0.996–1.013 0.378
HbA1c 1.349 0.662–2.746 0.410
Smoking status 1.817 0.736–4.485 0.195
  1. Group 2, CACS = 0 & CCTA of minimal disease (luminal diameter <25%); Group 3, CACS >0 & normal CCTA (CACS rage: 0.42–7.9); Group 4, CACS ≤10 or CCTA of minimal disease (luminal diameter <25%) [1618].
  2. BP blood pressure, LDL-cholesterol low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol high density lipoprotein cholesterol