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Table 1 Baseline clinical and laboratory characteristics

From: The cardiovascular risk factors associated with the plaque pattern on coronary computed tomographic angiography in subjects for health check-up

Total = 2951 Group 1
(n = 2152)
Group 2
(n = 200)
Group 3
(n = 319)
Group 4
(n = 280)
p value
Demographic data
Age, year *‡ 52 ± 10 56 ± 9 57 ± 9 56 ± 9 <0.001
Gender, male, n (%) ¶ 887 (41.2) 98 (49.0) 151 (47.3) 199 (71.1) 0.003
Hypertension, n (%) ¶ 567 (26.3) 57 (28.5) 18 (5.6) 142 (50.7) 0.949
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 191 (8.9) 30 (15.0) 9 (2.8) 27 (9.6) 0.359
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 284 (13.2) 26 (13.0) 15 (4.7) 44 (15.7) 0.569
Familial history of CVA, n (%) 573 (26.6) 61 (30.5) 24 (7.5) 93 (33.2) 0.245
Body mass index, Kg/m2 24.6 ± 3.7 24.9 ± 3.4 25.8 ± 4.1 25.6 ± 4.0 < 0.001
Systolic BP, mm Hg ‡ 122 ± 14 127 ± 14 127 ± 17 126 ± 13 < 0.001
Diastolic BP, mm Hg *‡ 72 ± 10 75 ± 10 76 ± 11 75 ± 10 < 0.001
Heart rate, beats per minute * 64 ± 10 65 ± 11 65 ± 10 64 ± 11 0.054
Smoking status, n (%) 94 (4.4) 6 (3.0) 13 (0.9) 78 (27.9) 0.003
Laboratory findings
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 204 ± 36 198 ± 39 203 ± 40 204 ± 35 0.416
Triglyceride, mg/dL 116 ± 81 126 ± 99 120 ± 79 133 ± 79 0.045
HDL-C, mg/dL ‡ 52 ± 13 51 ± 11 50 ± 12 49 ± 11 0.006
LDL-C, mg/dL * 125 ± 32 129 ± 30 125 ± 36 124 ± 33 0.313
Fasting blood glucose, mg/dL *‡ 94 ± 21 102 ± 34 101 ± 24 99 ± 21 0.008
HbA1c,% *‡ 5.6 ± 0.7 6.0 ± 1.4 5.9 ± 0.8 5.7 ± 0.6 < 0.001
C reactive protein, mg/dL 0.16 ± 0.41 0.16 ± 0.27 0.19 ± 0.32 0.18 ± 0.30 0.521
  1. Data are expressed as means ± standard deviation or number of patients (percentage)
  2. Group 1, CACS = 0 & normal CCTA; Group 2, CACS = 0 & CCTA of minimal disease (luminal diameter < 25%); Group 3, CACS >0 & normal CCTA (CACS rage: 0.42–7.9); Group 4, CACS ≤ 10 or CCTA of minimal disease (luminal diameter < 25%) [1618].
  3. * p < 0.05, p values was analyzed using Student’s t-test for the relationship between group 1 and 2
  4. p < 0.05, p value was analyzed using chi-square test for the relationship between group 1 and 2
  5. p < 0.05, p value was analyzed using Student’s t-test for the relationship between group 1 and 3
  6. § p <0.05, p value was analyzed using chi-square test for the relationship between group 1 and 3
  7. p < 0.05, p value was analyzed using Student’s t-test for the relationship between group 1 and 4
  8. p <0.05, p value was analyzed using chi-square test for the relationship between group 1 and 4
  9. CVA cerebrovascular accidents, BP blood pressure, HDL-cholesterol high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol low density lipoprotein cholesterol