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Table 3 Characteristics of patients with ACR equal or less than 300 mg/g and greater than 300 mg/g Characteristics are presented as mean ± SD, median (range) or number (%)

From: Relationship between retinopathy and renal abnormalities in black hypertensive patients

  Patients with ACR ≤300 mg/g (n = 167) Patients with ACR > 300 mg/g (n = 62) P value
Gender (Male/Female), n(%) 80/160 (33.3/66.7)   
Age (years) 58.6 ± 11.4 57.5 ± 12.8 0.548
Duration of hypertension (years) 7.8 ± 7.1 7.8 ± 6.6 0.979
Body Mass Index (Kg/m2) 26.2 ± 5.3 27.9 ± 6.8 0.060
Systolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 139.6 ± 20.8 137.2 ± 20.1 0.470
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 86.1 ± 13.2 86.3 ± 12.5 0.895
Mean Blood Pressure(mmHg) 103.9 ± 14.1 103.3 ± 13.7 0.783
Pulse Pressure (mmHg) 53.6 ± 16.6 50.9 ± 15.2 0.309
Waist Circumference (m) 96.9 ± 12.0 98.1 ± 19.5 0.579
Hip Circumference (m) 101.5 ± 12.9 103.4 ± 14.4 0.380
Waist Hip Ratio 0.96 ± 0.11 0.96 ± 0.08 0.882
Uric Acid (mmol/L) 7.2 ± 3.0 8.6 ± 4.4 0.017
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.7 ± 1.5 6.9 ± 1.1 0.001
HDL-Cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.95 ± 0.23 0.89 ± 0.13 0.040
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 2.1 ± (1.0) 2.7 ± 0.9 0.001
Low Density Lipoprotein (mmol/L) 2.7 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 0.8 0.001
C-Reactive Protein (g/L) 7.5 ± 2.7 9.2 ± 2.2 0.001
Retinopathy (II-IV) Frequency% 34 (58.6 %) 63 (42.3 %) 0.0316
eGFR by MDRD (ml/min/1.73) 58.8 ± 28.9 50.3 ± 19.2 0.021