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Table 2 Experiences of medication side effects

From: A psychosocial perspective of medication side effects, experiences, coping approaches and implications for adherence in hypertension management

Side effect Never Rarely Sometimes Very often Always
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Dizziness 179 (44.75) 61 (15.25) 124 (31.00) 31 (7.75) 5 (1.25)
Fatigue 79 (19.75) 29 (7.25) 128 (32.00) 112 (28.00) 52 (13.00)
Cough 197 (49.25) 80 (20.00) 93 (23.25) 24 (6.00) 6 (1.50)
Headache 89 (22.25) 50 (12.50) 186 (46.50) 50 (12.50) 25 (6.25)
Confusion 201 (50.25) 102 (25.50) 88 (22.00) 8 (2.00) 1 (0.25)
Depressed mood 189 (47.25) 108 (27.00) 85 (21.25) 16 (4.00) 2 (0.50)
Chest pain 220 (55.00) 56 (14.00) 89 (22.25) 27 (6.75) 8 (2.00)
Difficulty breathing 251 (62.75) 49 (12.25) 75 (18.75) 17 (4.25) 8 (2.00)
Fainting 327 (81.75) 35 (8.75) 24 (6.00) 10 (2.50) 4 (1.00)
Constipation 142 (35.50) 97 (24.25) 117 (29.25) 28 (7.00) 16 (4.00)
Diarrhoea 206 (51.50) 105 (26.25) 77 (19.25) 8 (2.00) 4 (1.00)
Flu-like symptoms 156 (39.00) 130 (32.50) 80 (20.00) 25 (6.25) 9 (2.25)
Swelling in the ankle/feet 206 (51.50) 51 (12.75) 77 (19.25) 47 (11.25) 19 (4.75)
Increased frequency of urination 82 (20.50) 34 (8.50) 99 (24.75) 104 (26.00) 81 (20.25)
Reduced sex drive 86 (21.50) 47 (11.75) 105 (26.25) 56 (14.00) 106 (26.50)
Erectile dysfunction (impotence) 335 (83.75) 19 (4.75) 19 (4.75) 14 (3.50) 13 (3.25)
Rash 278 (69.50) 75 (18.75) 37 (9.25) 9 (2.25) 1 (0.25)
Difficulty sleeping 167 (41.75) 50 (12.50) 111 (27.75) 36 (9.00) 36 (9.00)
  1. No = never, low = rarely, moderate = sometimes, high = very often and always. No/low side effects = 39.75 %, moderate side effects = 53.0 %, high side effects = 7.25 %